The most common cause of female hair loss is called androgenetic alopecia. Androgenetic alopecia is also referred to as male-pattern hair loss. Androgenetic alopecia affects females who produce high amounts of androgens (male hormones) in their bodies. Some of the female hormones that contribute to hair loss are estrogen, progesterone, and thyroid-stimulating hormone.
What is meant by hair loss in normal humans?
Causes of hair loss in females are just like when they encounter unexpected and heavy loss of hair. Recent studies have shown that normal humans a day shed between 50 to 100 hairs per day.
Moreover, it has also been heard that shedding hair in females is also part of work-life balance. The natural phenomena are that some hairs fall out while others grow in. This is what causes hair loss in females.
The medical term used for this is alopecia and hair usually grows on all surfaces of your skin. It’s not only the soles of your feet, lips, or eyelids and also the palms of your hands on which hair grow. More often short hair is also called vellus hair.
Is hair loss common in females?
Most people around us think that hair loss is common in females and it largely leaves an impact on men. Estimates also suggest that the most widely discussed stage is female pattern hair loss, affecting approximately one-third of susceptible women. Normally it is equal to about 30 million women in the United States.
Myths about hair loss in females:
There exist many myths about the causes of hair loss in females. Nothing listed below-regarding myths is true.
- You might lose all of your hair because you wash them with shampoo too much.
- You also can lose hair because you have colored them or gotten a perm.
- Stress, depression, or anxiety causes daily and permanent hair loss in women.
- If you cut your hair properly then the growth of your hair will increase more than expected.
- If you brush your hair regularly, then it will increase your circulation and stimulate hair growth.
- Hair loss in females only leaves an impact on intellectual persons. Wigs, hats, and extensions can also cause hair loss in women.
Tips to prevent hair loss in females:
It is not an easy task to prevent hair loss in females especially when it is due to aging, disease, heredity, or physical stressors such as injuries. Another important tip to prevent hair loss in females is to take care of the damage caused by caustic chemicals or tight hairstyles by avoiding them.
Even taking a healthy diet it becomes difficult for you to prevent some hair loss caused by the necessary nutrients in terms of vitamins, minerals, and proteins. In some cases, it also urges you to stop smoking.
Types of hair loss in females:
There are many different types of hair loss in females. You might not have these kinds of hair loss at the same time. There are also differences in how the symptoms manifest themselves. The four most common types of hair loss in females are:
Telogen effluvium is also termed the common type of hair loss. It is caused by the action of the sebaceous glands, the glands that produce sebum, a greasy, oily substance from your hair follicles. This causes them to overproduce and then shrink. Eventually, when the cells die, the follicles that contain the hair start to shed. Certain hormones contribute to telogen effluvium. As you might have guessed, these are also the ones that contribute to male-pattern hair loss.
Minimal or Partial Hair Loss
A relatively mild form of hair loss, minimal hair loss is an indication of hypopituitarism. This is the most common cause of male-pattern hair loss. People with hypopituitarism usually have the same hair type as well as the same facial hair, although their skin tone and texture are different. Minimal hair loss is characterized by thin, patchy, or sparse hair loss.
Another type of hair loss that occurs in women is known as aplastic anemia. It is a condition that affects red blood cells. Normally, red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. It causes the red blood cells to become weak and break down as well as causes infections. Aplastic anemia is due to an inability to produce red blood cells. Aplastic anemia may lead to anemia.
The most common type of female hair loss, alopecia areata causes baldness in about 20% of the people who suffer from it. When the immune system sends incorrect signals to the body, the immune system attacks the hair follicles.
Alopecia totalis, also called, partial alopecia, is an autoimmune disease that causes a complete loss of hair. It is a type of alopecia that does not respond to anti-hormone treatments.
This type of hair loss occurs when your body produces high amounts of testosterone. It is usually a mild form of male-pattern hair loss. High testosterone levels cause the male pattern to appear, whereas low testosterone levels cause female-pattern hair loss.
Different kinds of female hair loss treatments:
Treatment for different hair loss conditions varies, depending on the underlying cause. If you have certain types of hair loss, you may need to consult a physician or specialist to diagnose and treat your condition. Some of the most common conditions and treatments include:
Vitamin and Mineral Supplementation
This may help some women with severe or long-lasting cases of alopecia or androgenic alopecia. Supplements that contain copper, vitamin D, and vitamin E may also provide relief. However, these treatments are often expensive, and they are not always available or affordable to all women with this condition.
The use of hair transplants in the treatment of alopecia areata, and alopecia totalis, is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, it is an option when it comes to other types of hair loss, like androgenic alopecia. Hair transplants are the replacement of hair that falls out due to hair loss. The new hair comes from a donor’s head, such as a person who died.
Although hair coloring may seem like a quick fix for thinning or balding hair, it is not recommended to use it unless the reason for the hair loss is unknown. Before you make any permanent changes to your hair, consult a doctor.
If your hair loss is due to a specific illness or infection, you may be able to use silicone treatments to treat hair loss. Some examples include some forms of alopecia that cause the hair follicles to become inflamed, or polycystic ovary syndrome, which is a common hormonal condition that causes ovaries to produce too much androgen (a hormone that can cause male-pattern hair loss) or too few oocytes (the egg-producing cells in the ovary). Silicone products are used to hydrate, strengthen, and nourish hair follicles.
If you have high levels of androgens in your body, or you have conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome or androgenic alopecia, you may be able to take drugs to lower androgen levels. Medications used in this treatment include spironolactone and finasteride.
Losing weight can also help alleviate your hair loss, especially if you have a high BMI. While there isn’t an extensive body of research regarding weight-loss approaches for women with male-pattern hair loss, a Cochrane Review discovered that thin women with alopecia areata experience a 45% reduction in symptoms when they undergo weight loss.
Remember that, no matter the cause of hair loss, you can treat the condition with some combination of the below options.
Also, remember that there are several reasons a woman with female-pattern hair loss may want to consult with a doctor. In some cases, a medical condition is causing hair loss, such as hypothyroidism. In other cases, a woman may be dealing with serious health conditions that are not well understood.
This may include medical conditions like diabetes and thyroid problems, medications that are not well-tolerated or medical conditions that affect hormones. A woman’s doctor can help her determine whether her hair loss is normal or if it is a symptom of an underlying health condition.
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A healthy lifestyle is key to maintaining healthy hair. It may take a bit of trial and error to figure out how to manage hair loss, but the key is to stay on top of your health and symptoms. You can also contact a doctor if you have any concerns or questions.
For some women, there is a genetic basis for hair loss. A mutation in the SK2 gene, which is involved in maintaining hair growth and controlling androgen levels, can cause female-pattern hair loss.
Hair loss may lead to mental fatigue when caused due to genetic diseases or stress.
This is the comprehensive guide you can follow to be aware of the fact that what causes hair loss in females.